After retiring from a shipping company, he studied urban theory and art practice in London. Upon returning to Incheon, South Korea, he had the opportunity to become involved with the local community and began researching the topics closest to his heart. The Korean War, suburban life, and farming. He actively participates in local activities with the aim of piecing together stories of wars that are not widely known, not only in Korea but also in Japan and Vietnam. His recent artistic research focuses on postcolonial industry in Asian countries: machine shops and trade. This theme resonates with his personal experience living in the suburbs.